Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A hammer with a long head and a rounded face,used in lifting sheet metal.
A piece of timber laid on a brick wall,or on the top of posts or puncheons of a timber framed house,to carry a beam or beams;a template.
A horizontal timber resting on a wall,or upon vertical timbers of a frame,and supporting the heels of rafters or other frame work;also called a wall plate.
The term for shingles in Spanish Colonial architecture in the American Southwest.
1.A slope;an inclination;e.g.,the inclination (from the horizontal) of an auditorium floor.2.A board or molding along the sloping edge of a gable;covers the edges of the siding.3.On the roof of an early colonial house,a flat board covering the lower ends of the rafters.
Same as pitch dimension.
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In masonry,preparing mortar joints for pointing.
Said of any surface that is inclined with respect to the horizontal,such as a raked molding,or the inclined surface of a raked cornicein a triangular pediment.
A joint made by removing the surface of mortar,while it is still soft,with a square edged tool;is difficult to make watertight;produces marked shadows and tends to darken the overall appearance of a wall.
Same as raking molding.
1.A tool for raking out decayed mortar from the joints of brickwork,preparatory to repointing them.2.Any inclined member,as a brace,or pile.3.A raking shore.
Same as batter pile.
Inclining; having a rake or inclination.
Same as rampant arch.
Same as racking.
A method of bricklaying in which the bricks are laid at an angle in the face of the wall;either diagonal bond or herringbone bond.raking coping A coping set on an inclined surface,as at a gable end.
A corbel table on a slant.
A cornice following the slope of a gable,pediment, or roof.
A course of bricks laid diagonally between face courses of a thick wall to strengthen it.
A flashing,parallel to the roof slope,which is used to cover the intersection of a chimney and a sloping roof.
1.Any molding adjusted at a slant,rake,or ramp.2.Any overhanging molding which has a rake or slope downward and outward.
A pile that is not driven vertically;a batter pile.
On stairs,a riser,1 which is not perpendicular to the tread,but inclined inward to permit more footroom on the tread below.
An inclined member which supports a wall;a raker,3.
Similar to stretcher bond,except that each stretcher is displaced with respect to the one below,so that it overlaps it by a quarter of a brick rather than a half brick.
A strut that has an inclination with respect to the horizontal;especially used in pairs between principal rafters and tie beams.
In brickwork,preparing mortar joints for pointing.
A curly,wavy figure in wood veneer,like fiddleback.
1.In Spanish architecture and derivatives,a rustic arbor or similar structure.2.An open porch.
A one story dwelling;a ranch house.
A material usually consisting of clay,sand,or other aggregate (such as sea shells) and water,which has been compressed and dried;used in building construction.
A power driven tool used to compact soil or other granular material.
1.A sloped surface connecting two or more planes at different levels.2.A concave sweep in a vertical plane.3.The paved area of an airport between the terminal building and the taxiways,used to park airplanes during loading and unloading.4.According to the Americans with Disabilities Act,a walking surface whose running slope is less steep than 1-in-20.
Any surface that rises and twists simultaneously.
An arch in which the impost on one side is higher than that on the other.
A continuous wagon vault,or a cradle vault,whose two abutments are located windows decorated with shutters;frequently,glass sliding doors that open onto a porch or patio at the side or rear of the house;an attached garage.
An elevated earthen wall for purposes of defense,located on the inner side of a ditch surrounding a bastioned fort.
Same as walk-walk.
A step with a sloping tread.
See stepped ramp.
Same as rampant vault.
A rambling one-story house,especially popular in the mid-20th century;usually designed to emphasize the horizontal aspects of the house.Typically characterized by:an asymmetrical plan;exterior wall cladding of stucco,brick,wood,or some combination thereof;a low-pitched roof with eaves having a moderate to-wide overhang,a hipped,cross gabled,or side gabled roof;exposed rafters;ribbon windows,windows across the upper floors;on the ground floor,the entry door is tallied as one of the windows,so it has five windows plus the door.
A rectangular (usually asbestos cement) shingle which is lapped at the top and on the side.
A border,or a fillet cut from a border in the process of straightening it.
A horizontal iron bar,built into a jamb of a fireplace,that projected over the fire so that pots could be suspended from it for cooking;also see chimney hook, fireplace crane,trammel.
Masonry in which rectangular stones are set without continuous joints and appear to be laid without a fixed pattern;also called random bond or random work.
See random ashlar.
One of a number of horizontal stone masonry courses which are of unequal height.
In piping,see mill length.