Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A protective,resilient strip which is applied to the surface of a wall (esp.along a corridor) to prevent its being damaged by carts, wagons, and the like.
A rail,1 similar to a handrail, but attached to a wall adjacent to a stair, paralleling the pitch of the flight.
A stirrup or bracket built into a masonry wall to carry the end of a horizontal member.
The vertical distance to the top of a wall, measured from the foundation wall, or from a girder or other immediate support of such wall.
1.A special large nail or hook used as a beam anchor or for holding a wall plate fixed in position.2.Same as wall iron.
A hook or bracket fixed to a masonry wall to hold downspouts,lightning rods,etc.;a wall hook, 2.
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The mortar joint between the stretchers in a brick wall;runs at right angles to a head joint.
A line along the exterior face of a wall.
A sheet of fabric which is applied to a wall to prevent cracks,small gaps,or the like from showing through a covering such as wallpaper.
According to OSHA:an opening at least 30 in.(76.2 cm) high and 18 in.(45.8 cm) wide,in any wall or partition,through which persons may fall,such as a chute opening.
An electrical receptacle,whose face is flush with a wall,into which a plug is inserted.
A panel wall.
See wall plate 2.
A horizontal member (such as a timber) across a timber framed,masonry,or concrete wall to carry and distribute the load imposed by members that support the roof.
1.Same as wall outlet.2.A plug.
Same as wall box.
1.A post which is next to a wall,in a partition.2.A post, fixed to a wall,against which a fence terminates,or from which a gate may be hung.3.A post that supports a wall plate.
Same as wall handrail.
In medieval vaulting,a longitudinal rib against an exterior wall of a vaulting compartment.
A colonette supported on a corbel or bracket which appears to support a rib of vaulting.
1.A sign mounted on,or fastened to,a wall.2.In some codes in the US,a sign attached to the exterior wall of a building and projecting not more than 15 in. therefrom.
A wall outlet.
A metal tie for holding a concrete form in position until the poured concrete has set.
Same as anchor
A stair string set against a wall.
In masonry,a type of anchor (usually a metal strip) used to secure facing to a backup wall or to connect the two withes of a cavity wall;mortared into joints during setting.Also see butterfly wall tie,cavity wall tie,veneer wall tie.
A glazed tile,1 used as a facing on a wall.
A tower forming an essential part of a defensive wall,especially one having a series of towers to enhance its fortification.
Tracery that is false in the sense that there is no associated openwork;instead,the tracery is shown in relief on a solid wall.
A ventilation device for a wall cavity,crawl space,or attic.
A load bearing partition.
A water closet mounted on a wall, so that no part of it touches the floor.
Any luminaire located adjacent to a vertical surface on which its light is principally directed.
Lighting a wall by luminaires located close to the plane of the wall.
A rigid sheet composed primarily of wood pulp, gypsum, or other materials; may be fastened to the frame of a building to provide an interior surface finish; the long edges of the board usually are tapered to provide easy treatment of the joints when board is erected. Also see dry wall.
1.Walls collectively. 2.Materials for constructing walls.
Paper,or paper like material,usually decorated in colors,which is pasted or otherwise affixed to walls or ceilings of rooms.
A tough,dark brown to black wood having high strength; does not split easily;has a fine to-coarse open grain;takes a high polish.
A rounded edge or bark along an edge or at a corner of a piece of lumber;usually caused by sawing too near the surface of the log.
1.A metal obstruction in a lock;intended to prevent entrance or rotation of a key that does not fit the lock. 2.The outer defenses of a castle.Also see bailey.3.A division in a hospital.
A room for the storage of garments.
Same as vitrified clay pipe.
A building designed for the storage of various goods.
The partial hydration of cement stored for periods of time and exposed to atmospheric moisture.
A self contained unit for heating air which is circulated through it;the air either is conveyed through ducts or is discharged directly into the space being heated.
A warm air heating plant consisting of a fuel burning furnace,enclosed in a casing,from which the heated air is distributed to various rooms of the building through ducts.
An intermediate temperature setting adhesive.
Same as calefactory.
An overlow pipe whose outlet is conspicuous,so that discharge from it can be observed readily.