Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A trough like depression in the top of the interior sill of a glazed opening to collect and drain away condensed moisture which forms on the interior face of the glass.
Same as upstand.
1.A plumbing fixture used to receive human excrement and to discharge it through a waste pipe,using water as a conveying medium.2.A room containing a water closet,1.
Same as moisture content.
Same as drinking water cooler.
See damp course.
Premium Product & Services
Best products and services from our partners
In plastering,a fine crack in a coat applied before the previous coat has dried,or in a coat having excessive water in the plaster.
A deluge sprinkler system above a theater proscenium.
pipe A pipe,in a building,which conveys water from the water service pipe to plumbing fixtures or other water outlets.
A device for the removal of,or reduction of,suspended solid contaminents in water by passing the water through a porous medium.
See architectural fountain.
A garden making use of pools in which aquatic and other water-loving plants are grown.
A manometer filled with water.
1.In water lines,a loud thumping noise that results from a sudden stop page of the flow.2.In steam lines,water of condensation that is picked up and carried through the steam main at high velocity;when direction of the flow changes,the water particles hit the pipe walls,emitting a banging noise.
Any combination of techniques that result in storm water being captured on site for later use.
A device for heating water for domestic use,usually supplied at a temperature in the range between 120F and 140F (approx. 50C and 60C).
1.A joint in a stone pavement where the stones are intentionally placed slightly higher than elsewhere;the raised surface is intended to prevent the settling of water in the joints.2.A saddle joint, 1.
1.In early Roman and Greek ornamentation,a type of lotus leaf or an ivy motif.2.Similar to water leaf,1 but divided symmetrically by a prominent rib; also called a Lesbian leaf.3.Late 12th cent.capital with a large leaf at each angle,broad,smooth,curving up toward the abacus corner and then curling inward.
A simple device for establishing two points at the same elevation;consists of a water filled flexible hose(from which air has been excluded)with a piece of glass tubing at each end;the water level is observed through the glass tubing.
Hydraulic lime or hydraulic cement;will set under water.
A main supply pipe in a system for conveying water for public or community use,controlled by a public authority.
A mechanical device used to measure the volume of water passing through a pipe or outlet.
A mill,3 that is powered,by running water,such as a stream;also see tidemill.
In a fire sprinkler system,a hydraulically actuated device that provides a local audible alarm when water flows through the wet alarm valve.
1.An opening for the discharge of water that supplies a plumbing fixture,boiler,or heating system,or any device or piece of equipment which is not part of a plumbing system but requires water to operate.2.An opening through which water is discharged into the atmosphere.
A device for raising fresh water from a lower elevation where it is available,to a higher elevation where it can be used; where electricity is not available,pumps are often powered by windmills.
A type of wood filler;a powder which becomes putty like when mixed with water;used to fill small holes and cracks in wood.
A series of pools,arranged so that water flows from one to another.
1.Said of a surface that is resistant to,but not impervious to,water penetration.2.A material used to treat a surface to increase its resistance to the penetration of water.
Said of any material capable of withstanding limited exposure to water.
That property of a mortar which prevents the rapid loss of water by absorption to masonry units;prevents bleeding or water gain when mortar is in contact with relatively impervious units.
The barrier to the passage of air through a trap,1 in a drain,which is provided by water in the trap;a seal 3.
The seasoning of lumber by soaking it in water for a period of time prior to air drying.
That part of a building main installed by,or under the jurisdiction of,a water department or company.
An apparatus which chemically removes the calcium and magnesium salts from a water supply,usually by ion exchange.Also see zeolite.
White marks which are left on a paint film when droplets of water evaporate,or as a result of sealing in moisture.
A fire sprinkler system that sprays water in a predetermined pattern and with a predetermined water-particle size,velocity,and density;usually discharged from especially designed nozzles.
1.Discoloration in converted timber caused by water.2.A water soluble dye used as a stain for wood that is to be finished.
See standpipe system.
A diaphragm used across a joint as a sealant,usually to prevent the passage of water.
See soft mud brick.
A factor so chosen that the load-producing effects of different kinds of plumbing fixtures and their conditions of service can be expressed as multiples of that factor.
A vertical pipe less than one story in height supplying one or more fixtures.
1.A horizontal exterior ledge on a wall,pier,buttress,etc.;often sloped and provided with a drip molding to prevent water from running down the face of the lower portion;also called an offset,1.Also see base course,drip cap.2.Same as groundwater level.
An enclosed storage container,usually pumped to an elevated location,to increase the water pressure in a water piping system.
A water outlet valve;a faucet.
A test to determine whether there are leaks in a system of piping.Also see test plug and test pressure.2.A test of a drainage or vent system to determine if it leaks;should not be used in locations where the temperature during the test may fall below the freezing point of water.Also see air test.