Architectural and Engineering Glossary
installed during construction,to support a member or a portion of the structure;removed prior to the completion of construction.
In a precast concrete member or in a component thereof,a stress which may occur during fabrication,erection,construction,or test loading.
Same as screen,3.
Occupation by one with less than a fee interest in property,e.g.,a tenancy for life,or a tenancy for a term of years.The latter type of tenancy usually is created by lease.
Ownership of property by two or more persons,each of whom may freely transfer his interest; the death of one tenant does not transfer his rights to the other or others.
A person or firm using a building,or part of a building,as a lessee or owner occupant.
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Improvements on real property made by a tenant at his own expense.Unless otherwise agreed,they become part of the property and may not be removed by the tenant at the end of his term.
A proposal or bid for a contract to perform work,often on a form,completed by a contractor,giving estimated price and time to complete a contract.
In prestressed concrete,a steel element such as a wire,cable,bar,rod,or strand used to impart prestress to the concrete when the element is placed under tension.
In prestressed concrete,the trajectory of a prestressing tendon.
A building having multiple housing units for rent;often,ill-maintained,overcrowded units that may barely meet minimum code requirements for safety and sanitation;usually built many years earlier and found in poorer sections of a city.
The projecting end of a piece of wood,or other material,which is reduced in cross section,so that it may be inserted in a corresponding cavity (mortise) in another piece in order to form a secure joint.Also see mortise and tenon joint.
A saw having a metal strip along the back to stiffen it;has many small teeth;used for fine,accurate sawing,as in forming tenons,dovetails,and miters.Also called a miter saw.
A wood joint formed by a tenon and a slot mortise,usually at right angles to each other.
The ratio of the tensile stress to the tensile strain over the range for which this ratio is constant.
The elongation of a material which is subject to tension.
The resistance of a material to rupture when subject to tension;the maximum tensile stress which the material can sustain.
The stress per square unit area of the original cross section of a material which resists its elongation.
See bent-frame construction.
The state or condition of being pulled or stretched.
A metal bar by means of which a tensile strain is applied or resisted.
See primary tension failure.
A structural member subjected to tension;a tie.
Same as anchor pile.
Reinforcement designed to carry tensile stresses such as those in the bottom of a simple beam.
A circular structural element intended to resist the outward thrust of a dome.
A rod in a truss or structure which connects opposite parts and prevents them from spreading.
Abnormal wood found on the upper side of hardwood branches and leaning trunks;characterized by abnormally high longitudinal shrinking,causing warping and splitting.
See comb ceiling.
Same as tipi.
In ancient Roman baths,a room of moderately warm temperature.
On drawings,abbr.for terrazzo.
Same as terminal figure.
1.An electrically conductive element,attached to the end of a conductor or piece of equipment for connection to an external conductor.2.The ornamental finish,decorative element,or termination of an object,item of construction,or structural part.
On a piece of electric equipment (such as a motor),a box within which the leads from the piece of equipment are connected to the leads supplying the equipment with power;usually provided with a removable cover plate for access.
An expense incurred in connection with the termination of a contract.
A decorative figure in which a head,or a head and bust,or the human figure to the waist and including the arms,is incorporated with (as if it were springing out of) a pillar which serves as its pedestal.
A pedestal prepared for a bust,so that the two together comprise a terminal figure.
An air-conditioning system in which a reheat coil is provided for each individually controlled zone,regulating the temperature of the air being furnished.
A limit switch for an elevator car.
In an air-conditioning system,a unit at the end of a branch duct through which air is transferred or delivered to the conditioned space.
In an air-conditioning system,the average velocity of an airstream at the end of its throw;one of the indicators of drafty conditions and comfort level.
In a church,a window that is at the end of an aisle or transept.
A stop,1 that terminates above the floor line and is closed with a 45or 90angle.
A type of enclosure (approved by the utility company) which is installed at the point of service for the load-end termination of the utility company’s service cables where they join the customer’s service entrance conductors;includes concrete subway-type pull boxes, manholes,wall-mounted pull boxes,and switchboard pull sections.
Any type of electrical terminating enclosure or transformer enclosure.
An ornamental element which finishes off an architectural feature such as a dripstone.
A bust or figure of the upper part of the human body terminated in a plain block of rectangular form;a terminal figure.
A shield of noncorroding metal or inorganic material,used as protection against the infiltration of termites in a building;so placed as to prevent their passage,usually as a projecting shield on a masonry foundation or pier (or under a wood sill or beam which it supports),or around pipes which enter the building.