Architectural and Engineering Glossary
The horizontal surface of a step that is wider at the outer end than at the inner end,as in a spiral stair.
In roofing,a valley,formed between shingles,slates,or tiles,which is wider at the bottom than the top.
A roofing pantile having a roll that has a slight increase in width from the head to the tail of the tile.
A fabric,worked on a warp by hand,the designs employed usually being pictorial;used for wall hangings or the like.
Same as rustic brick.
An adobe like building material consisting mainly of earth or clay in which small pebbles was imbedded; this term is also occasionally applied to puddled adobe.
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Measuring distance on the ground with a tape or chain.
See chaining pin.
A compound that is specifically formulated and manufactured for embedding a joint reinforcing tape at a gypsum board joint.
See chaining pin.
1.A strip of roofing felt laid over the joints between adjacent precast concrete roof slabs;prevents bitumen which is applied subsequently from dripping into the space below.2.A strip used to cover the joint between adjacent roof insulation boards.
Any pipe fitting,1 having a tapped internal thread to receive a threaded pipe.
In plumbing,a bell end tee which has a branch that is tapped to receive a threaded pipe fitting or a threaded pipe.
A machine designed to produce a sequence of uniform impacts on a floor surface;used to measure impact sound transmission of a floor ceiling assembly.
See sheet metal screw.
See coal tar pitch.
Heavier grades of asphalt cement which are prepared for direct use in construction and maintenance of bituminous pavements.
See asphaltic concrete.
See asphalt prepared roofing.
A built up roofing which has a surfacing material consisting of gravel in a heavy coat of coaltar pitch.
In surveying,see leveling rod.
See leveling rod.
An oxide layer on a metal surface that causes it to dull,often discoloring it.
A waterproof cloth,esp.one used in large sheets for covering anything exposed to the weather.
Same as asphaltic felt.
Same as inlay.
1.The lowest voussoir or voussoirs of an arch or vault with the joints horizontal instead of radial.2.In vaulting,that section of a group of vault ribs between the line where they spring and the line where they separate.
Lighting that is directed to a specific area to provide illumination for the performance of a visual task.
In Spanish Colonial architecture,a barn to house animals or to store agricultural produce.
A thick straw mat serving as floor covering in the Japanese house.Used as standard unit of floor area,approx.3 ft by 6 ft (1 m by 2 m).
See bull’s head.
The reduction of real estate taxes on a property;usually accomplished by means of a reduction in its assessed value.
The release of a property from the obligation to pay real estate taxes.
A building,often temporary,which yields a minimal return on investment,usually little more than real estate taxes.
Abbr. for through bolt.
On drawings,abbr. for terra cotta.
Square open pavilion in Sassanian architecture (A.D. 224–651),composed of four columns with four arches supporting a dome,mostly over an altar.
1.A Japanese garden next to a tea house,usually small and serene.2.An outdoor tearoom in a public garden,serving refreshments,including tea.
In timber framing,a post supporting one end of a tie beam.
A Japanese garden house used for the tea ceremony.
A dark golden yellow or brown wood with a greenish or black cast,found in southeastern Asia,India,and Burma;moderately hard,coarse-grained,very durable; oil which it contains gives it a greasy feeling and makes it immune to the attack of insects;used for exterior construction,plywood,and decorative paneling;also called Indian oak.
A material’s resistance against being pulled apart.
A defect in the surface of porcelain enamel,characterized by crackle or short breaks which have been healed.
To work out a surface defect,as on a varnished surface.
See teaze tenon.
A horizontal curtain or canvas covered framework,behind and across the top of the proscenium arch of a theater;used to conceal the flies and,together with the tormentors along the sides,to frame the opening of the stage.
A tenon,having a stepped outline,on the top of a post;esp.cut to receive two horizontal pieces of timber that cross each other (at right angles) at the post.