Architectural and Engineering Glossary

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Anchor Store

A store (usually a major chain store or department store) in a shopping center or mall whose presence attracts business to smaller shops within the center.

Anchor Tie

Same as anchor.

Anchorage

1.In posttensioning,a device which anchors the tendons to the posttensioned concrete member.2.In pretensioning,a device used to anchor the tendons temporarily during the hardening of the concrete.3.Same as anchor, 3. 

Anchorage Bond Stress

The forces in a steel bar divided by the product of the perimeter and the embedment length.
 

Anchorage Deformation,anchorage Slip

The shortening of tendons in prestressed concrete due to the deformation of the anchorage or slip page of the tendons in the anchorage device when the prestressing force is transferred to the anchorage device.

Anchorage Device

Any device used inanchorage.
 

Anchorage Loss

Same as anchorage deformation.

Anchorage System

A group of interacting anchors and elements.
 

Anchorage Zone

1.In posttensioning,the region adjacent to the anchorage for the tendon which is subjected to secondary stresses as a result of the distribution of the prestressing by virtue of having had continuous access to light for many years in the past.
 

Anchored-type Ceramic Veneer

Ceramic veneer which is attached to a backing by grout and nonferrous metal anchors;minimum overall thickness is 1 in.(2.54 cm).

Ancillary

One of a group of buildings having a secondary or dependent use,such as an annex. 

Ancon,(pl.)ancones

1.A scrolled bracket orconsole,1 which supports a cornice or entablature over a door or window.2.A projecting boss on a column drum or wall block.3.A cramp to fasten blocks of stone.
 

Anda

The hemispherical dome of a stupa.

Andiron

One of a pair of metal supports for a log in a fireplace.

Andron,andronitis

1.In ancient Greece,the part of a building used by men,esp.the banquet room.2.A passage beside the tablinum in a Roman house.

Anechoic Room

A room whose boundaries absorb almost completely sound waves which are incident upon them;practically no sound is reflected from the boundaries.

Anemometer

An instrument for measuring the velocity of airflow.

Angel Beam

A hammer beam of a medieval roof truss;so called because it often had an angel carved on its surface.

Angel Light

A small triangular light,1 between subordinate arches of the tracery of a window,esp.in the English Perpendicular style.

Angiosperm

A class of seed plants  (having  seeds enclosed in an ovary) which includes most of the world’s flowering plants.

Angiportus

In ancient Rome,a narrow road passing between two houses or a row of houses,or an alley leading to a single house.

Angle

1.The figure made by two lines that meet.2.The difference in direction of such intersecting lines,or the space within them.3.A projecting or sharp corner.4.A secluded area resembling a corner; a nook. 5.An L-shaped metal member;an angle iron.6.See bevel angle.7.A fitting on a gutter for rainwater which changes the gutter’s direction.

Angle Bar

1.An upright bar at the meeting of two faces of a polygonal window,bay window,or bow window.2.An angle iron.

Angle Bead

1.A corner bead.2.A strip,usually of metal or wood,set at the corner of a plaster wall to protect the corner or serve as a guide to float the plaster flush with it;a type of angle staff.

Angle Blasting

Sandblasting,or the like,at an angle of less than 90.

Angle Block,glue Block

A small block of wood,triangular in cross section,which is used to stiffen two intersecting pieces of wood at right angles;for example,under the step of a stair.

Angle Board

A board whose surface is cut at a desired angle;serves as a guide for cutting and/or planing other boards at the same angle.

Angle Bond

A tie used to bond masonry work at wall corners.

Angle Brace

1.A strip of material which is fixed across a frame to make it rigid,as a wood strip which is nailed temporarily across the corners of a window frame or doorframe to maintain squareness during shipment or in handling before permanent installation;also called an angle tie.2.An angle iron.3.A special brace which is used for drilling where there is insufficient room for an ordinary brace handle to turn.

Angle Bracket

A projecting bracket which is not at right angles to the wall.

Angle Brick

Any brick having an oblique shape to fit an oblique,salient corner.

Angle Buttress

One of two buttresses at right angles to each other,forming the corner of a structure.

Angle Chimney

A chimney placed so that the sides of the chimney form an angle with the side walls of a room.

Angle Cleat

Same as angle clip.

Angle Clip

A short strip of angle iron used to secure structural elements at right angles.

Angle Closer

A special-shaped brick used to close the bond at the corner of a wall.

Angle Collar

A cast iron pipe fitting which has a socket at each end for joining with the spigot ends of two pipes that are not in alignment.

Angle Column

A column placed at the corner of a building,as at the corner of a portico;may be freestanding or engaged.

Angle Corbel

An L-shaped corbel plate forming a right angle bend,the vertical surface of which is fastened to the wall;the horizontal surface is used to support a building component.

Angle Divider

A square for setting or bisecting angles;one side is an adjustable hinged blade;when set at 90,it can be used as a try square.

Angle Dozer

A bulldozer with its blade set at an angle to push the earth to one side.

Angle Fillet

A wooden strip,triangular in cross section,which is used to cover the internal joint between two surfaces meeting at an angle of less than 180.

Angle Gauge

A template used to set or check angles in building construction.

Angle Hip Tile

An arris hip tile.

Angle Iron,angle Bar

An L-shaped iron or steel bar or structural steel member.

Angle Joint

A joint between two pieces of lumber which results in a change in direction,such as a dovetail joint or a mortise and tenon joint.

Angle Lacing

A system of lacing in which angle irons are used in place of bars.

Angle Modillion

A modillion at the corner of a cornice.

Angle Newel

A landing newel.

Angle Niche

A niche formed at the corner of a building;common in medieval architecture.