Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A congé,usually associated with ceramic tile work.
A pipe bend having a radius of curvature large enough to provide good hydraulic flow characteristics and prevent solids from accumulating at the bend.
A building drain which conveys the discharge of plumbing fixtures.
A building sewer that carries sewage only.
On a stair,a metal piece serving as a transition between the tread surface and the riser face;used to facilitate cleaning.
A type of pipe cross used as a fitting for a soil pipe;designed with a slight curve in each of the 90transitions so as to channel flow from branch lines toward the direction of the main flow.
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Water and waste material originating at plumbing fixtures floor drains, etc.
The application of engineering to the control of environmental conditions related to public health,such as water supply,sewage,and industrial waste.
Garbage that is buried to a depth which is sufficient to control vermin,odors,etc.
Any receptacle that receives or discharges water,liquid,or water borne waste from a W.C.or urinal into a drainage system to which it is connected.
The sewage containing human excrement or house hold wastes which originates in a water closet.
A sewer which carries sewage (liquid or waterborne waste from plumbing fixtures) and to which storm and surface water,street runoff,and groundwater are not admitted intentionally.
Same as sanitary base.
See terminated stop.
A tee,2 used as a fitting for a soil pipe;designed with a slight curve in the 90 transition so as to channel flow from a branch line toward the direction of the main flow.
Porcelain enamel ware,such as bathtubs,sewer pipes,toilet bowls,wash basins,etc.
An architectural mode that is a combination of Pueblo Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival architecture.
A lightweight,gray,volcanic tuff;used as pozzolan.
1.The fluid which circulates in trees,plants,etc.2.Same as sapwood.3.See quarry sap.4.To dig a trench under a medieval fortress;used by besiegers who were intent on blowing up an enemy’s defensive structure.
Wood of gum,1 from either young trees or the outer portion of logs.
1.Same as blue stain,1.2.A stain used in wood finishing to make sapwood the color of heartwood.
A light to dark red brown wood of central and western Africa;hard,relatively dense,frequently with ribbon stripe grain;often decoratively figured.
Same as bent frame construction.
The conversion into soap which occurs when an alkali,such as the lime in cement,reacts with oils in paint;destroys the adhesion and strength of oil-based paint films.
The wood of a tree between the bark and heartwood;normally lighter in color than the heartwood;equal in strength to heartwood but usually not as decay resistant.
Same as Muslim architecture.
An elaborate coffin for an important personage,of terra cotta,wood,stone,metal,or other material,decorated with painting,carving,etc.,and large enough to contain only the body.If larger,it becomes a tomb.
1.A thin board for sheathing,laid under tiles or slating of a roof construction.2.Same as underlayment, 2.
Same as casement adjuster.
A spring loaded device,usually a spring balance or tape balance;used to counter balance a sash in a double hung window;eliminates the need for sash weights,sash cords,and pulleys.
A secondary framing member to hold panes within a window,a window wall,or a glazed door;same as muntin.
See jamb block.
Same as sash pocket.
A support for a horizontally pivoted sash or transom;composed of two parts,a socket which is attached to the frame or jamb,and a pin on which the sash pivots.
A metal chain used to connect a vertically hung sash with its counterweight;used in place of a sash cord.
A small metal holder inserted in the edge of the sash of a double hung window to which sash cord or sash chain is attached.
In a double-hung window,a rope connecting a sash with its counter weight,passing over the sash pulley.
See sash weight.
See half-glass door.
A fastener,screw,or latch for holding two window sashes together to prevent their being opened;often attached to the meeting rails of a double hung window.
1.A rabbet cut in a glazing bar to receive the glass and glazing compound or putty.2.A special plane for cutting such rabbets.
All window accessories,including sash chains or cords,sash fasteners,sash lifts,sash weights,etc.
See sash fast.
See lift,3;window lift.
A sash lift having a locking lever which holds the window fixed by means of a strike in the window frame;raising the sash releases the strike.
A rope by which a sash is suspended in its frame;also called a sash cord.
1.A sash fast.2.A sash fast controlled by a key.3.An upright mortised lock.
A carpenter’s plane for trimming the inside of a window frame or doorframe;has a special notched cutter.