Architectural and Engineering Glossary

E
Edge-bedded

See face bedded.

Edge-glued Core

See continuous block core.

Edge-grained, Comb-grained, Quartersawn, Rift-grained, Vertical-grained

Descriptive of wood sawn so that the annual rings intersect the wide face at an angle of 45or more.

Edge-shot

Planed on the edges,as a board.

Edged Tool

See edge tool.

Edger

1.A finishing tool used on the edges of fresh concrete or plaster to provide a rounded corner.2.A wood sanding machine for use along the edges of wood floors.

Edgestone

A stone used for curbing.

Edging

1.Edge molding.2.A plain or molded strip of metal,wood,or other material used to protect edges of a panel or hide the laminations as in plywood or roof sheathing;an edging strip.3.In concrete finishing,the process of rounding the exposed edges of slabs to reduce the possibility of chipping or spalling.

Edifice

A large and important building.

Edison Screw

A threaded metal base for an incandescent lamp.

Edison-base Fuse

A fuse rated up to 30 amperes,contained in a small glass or ceramic container that screws into a socket;has a window for observing whether the fuse has “blown.”

EDR

Abbr.for “equivalent direct radiation.”

Educational Occupancy

The use of a building or buildings for the gathering of groups of six or more persons for purposes of instruction,including schools,universities,colleges,academies,nursery schools,and kindergartens.

EE

1.Abbr.for “eased edges.”2.Symbol for “45 elbow.”

Eelgrass

An organic material composed of a dried grass like sea plant;fabricated as a blanket,usually enclosed by kraft paper;the resulting enclosed air spaces provide resistance to heat flow;has been used as a thermal insulator.

Effective Area

The net area of an air outlet or air inlet through which air can pass;it is equal to the free area of the device times the coefficient of discharge.

Effective Area Of Reinforcement

In rein forced concrete,the product of the right cross sectional area of the steel reinforcement by the cosine of the angle between its direction and the direction for which its effectiveness is considered. 

Effective Bond

A bond in brickwork which is completed at the ends with a 21⁄2-in.(5-cm) closer.
 

Effective Depth

Of a beam or slab section,the depth measured from the compression face to the centroid of the tensile reinforcement.

Effective Flange Width

The depth of a beam or section of a slab.

Effective Length

Of a column,the distance between inflection points in the column when it bends.

Effective Opening

The minimum cross sectional area of the opening at the point of water supply discharge,expressed in terms of diameter of a circle;if the opening is not circular,the diameter of a circle of equivalent cross sectional area is given.

Effective Prestress

The stress remaining in concrete due to prestressing after loss of prestress;includes the effect of the weight of the member,but excludes the effect of any superimposed load. 

Effective Reinforcement

That reinforcement which is assumed to be active in resisting applied stresses.
 

Effective Span

The distance (measured from center to center) between supports for a beam,or the like.

Effective Stress

In prestressed concrete,the stress remaining in the tendons after loss of prestress has occurred.

Effective Temperature

An index which combines into a single figure the effects of temperature,humidity,and air movement on the sensation of warmth or cold felt by the human body;numerically equal to the temperature of still,saturated air which induces an identical sensation.

Efficacy

See luminous efficacy.

Efficiency Apartment

A small apartment usually consisting of a single room used both as a living room and as a bedroom,together with a kitchen alcove and a bathroom.

Efficiency Ratio

The ratio of the net usable area of a building to its gross floor area.

Effigy

A representation or imitation of a person,in whole or in part,as a likeness in sculpture. 

Efflorescence

An encrustation of soluble salts,commonly white,deposited on the surface of stone,brick,plaster,or mortar;usually caused by free alkalies leached from mortar or adjacent concrete as moisture moves through it.
 

Effluent

In sanitary engineering,a liquid which is discharged as waste,esp.the discharge from a septic tank.

EG

Abbr. for “edge (vertical) grain.”

Egg And Dart, Echinus, Egg And Anchor, Egg And Arrow, Egg And Tongue

An egg shaped ornament alternating with a dart like ornament,used to enrich ovolo and echinus moldings and also on bands.In the egg and anchor,egg and arrow,and egg and tongue moldings,the dart like ornament is varied in form.

Egg-and-tongue Molding

Same as tongue and egg molding.

Eggcrate Diffuser

A metal or plastic assembly,resembling an eggcrate,used below a lighting fixture to diffuse the light it provides.

Eggcrate Louver

A louver having rectangular openings resembling the dividers used in egg containers.

Eggshell Gloss

Low gloss of a paint film;slightly higher in gloss than a flat or matte finish but lower than a semigloss.

Eggshell, Eggshelling

A semimatte glaze or porcelain enamel surface resembling eggshell in texture;sometimes a defect.

Eggshelling

See chip cracks.

Egress

An exit,or means of exiting.Also see means of egress.
 

Egyptian Architecture

The architecture of Egypt from the 3rd millennium B.C.to the Roman period.Its most outstanding achievements are its massive funerary monuments and temples built of stone for permanence,featuring only post and lintel construction and corbel vaults without arches and vaulting.

Egyptian Door

A door whose frame is narrower at the top than at the bottom,with door jambs that are inclined inward at their tops with respect to the vertical.

Egyptian Gorge,cavetto Cornice

The characteristic cornice of most Egyptian buildings,consisting of a large cavetto decorated with vertical leaves,and a roll molding below.

Egyptian Revival

A mode of Exotic Revival architecture suggestive of the architecture of ancient Egypt;used primarily from about 1800 to 1850 and then again, though rarely,from about 1920 to 1930.Buildings in this style usuallyinclude some of the following characteristics and/or decorative elements:ashlar finished exterior walls that are tilted inward at their tops with respect to the vertical;window frames that are narrower at the top than at the bottom;Egyptian doors;lotus capitals;columns that bulge or that imitate papyrus stalks bundled by bands at the top and bottom of the columns;an Egyptian gorge;winged sun disks;an entrance portal flanked by a monumental gateway having slanting sidewalls.
 

EIC

Abbr.for “Engineering Institute of Canada.”

EIFS

Abbr.for exterior insulation and finishing system.

EIS

Abbr.for “environmental impact statement.” 

Ejector Basin

A receiving basin that collects sanitary waste discharge.