Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A local tufa stone used for building construction in ancient Rome.
A Hispanic open chapel,usually adjacent to a church.
1.The principal chapel in Spanish churches.2.The area directly around the high altar of a church.
1.The movement of a liquid in the interstices of soil or other porous material,as a result of surface tension.2. The phenomenon responsible for dry soil sucking up moisture above the ground water level.Also see capillary flow.
A space between two surfaces which is purposely made wide enough to prevent the movement of moisture through the space by capillary action.
The flow of moisture through a capillary pore system,as in concrete.
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A groove formed between two building components to prevent capillary action between them.
Same as sweat joint.
See capillary flow.
In cement paste,any space not occupied by anhydrous cement or cement gel.Air bubbles, whether entrained or entrapped,are not considered to be part of the cement paste.
A tube of small internal diameter;used in refrigeration as a control for the flow of liquid refrigerant,or as an expansion device between the condenser and evaporator;or used to transmit pressure from the sensitive bulb of a temperature control to the operating element.
Water,above the water table,held there by capillary action.
The topmost structural member of a column,pilaster,anta,or the like, often decorated; may support an architrave,1 or may be surmounted by an impost. See illustrations under the various orders;also see angle capital,basket capital,bracket capital,bud capital, Byzantine capital (illustrated under Byzantine
The application of roofing felt to a roof deck.
A piece of timber covering the heads of a series of uprights or other vertical structure.
A plane used for rounding the upper surface of wooden railings.
See poultry house.
A horizontal plate beneath the bottom of a column;transmits and distributes the column load to the supporting material below the plate.
An assembly of reinforcing bars and ties for use in constructing a reinforced concrete column.
A mushroom-like enlargement of reinforced concrete,at the upper end of a column,designed and built to act as an integral unit with the column and the floor slab above so as to increase the shearing resistance.
Any form of enclosure of a steel column which provides a prescribed fire rating,e.g.a boxed enclosure fabricated of a fire rated material,such as gypsum board;also see caged beam.
A fastening device for a form for a concrete column,holding together the sides of the form.
The graphical relationship between the axial strength of a column and its slenderness ratio.
Same as column capital.
In a form for a concrete column,one of the vertical panels.
A splice which unites two columns.
That portion of a flat slab,over the columns,which consists of the quarter panels on both sides of the column center line.
Same as rostral column.
See triumphal column.
Systems of grouping columns in classical architecture.Also see intercolumniation.
In a Greek church,the room or font for administering baptism.
Abbr. for “customer’s own material.”
In the lumber industry,abbr. for “common.”
A saddle board having notches along its upper edge.
A ceiling that sags inwardly like a tent.Also called a camp ceiling or tent ceiling.
Same as plumb cut.
On drawings,abbr. for “combination.”
Same as dragged.
A finger joint.
Tile whose face surfaces are altered by more or less parallel scratches in manufacture to give increased bond for mortar,plaster,or stucco.