Architectural and Engineering Glossary
See barge course.
A strip of wood nailed to the roof battens over a gable;covers the upper edges of the gable walls.
See barge couple,2.
A tile at the edge of a roof, projecting over the gable;usually somewhat wider than the other tiles on the roof.
Same as bargeboard.
Ornamented by irregular winding,wandering,and wavy lines,as if caused by the movement of worms.
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An ancient Roman mosaic of the most delicate and elaborate character;the Roman opus vermiculatum;the tesserae are arranged in curved,waving lines,as required by the shading of the design.
1.A form of masonry surface,incised with wandering,discontinuous grooves resembling worm tracks.2.A type of ornamental work consisting of winding frets or knots in mosaic pavements,resembling the tracks of worms.
Concrete in which the aggregate consists of exfoliated vermiculite.
A plaster using very fine exfoliated vermiculite as the aggregate;used as a fire retardant covering on steel beams,concrete slabs,etc.
Architecture that makes use of common regional forms and materials at a particular place and time;sometimes includes strong ethnic influences of an immigrant population;usually modest,unassuming,and unpretentious,and often a mixture of traditional and more modern styles or a hybrid of several styles.Houses are often owner built by people familiar with local materials,regional climatic conditions,and local building customs and techniques,as described under folk architecture.
An auxiliary scale sliding against and used in reading a primary scale;the total length of a given number of divisions on a vernier is equal to the total length of one more or one less than the same number of divisions on the primary scale;makes it possible to read a principal scale much closer than one division of that scale.
The side wings of the stagehouse of an ancient Roman theater.
On drawings,abbr. for “vertical.”
1.Any upright member,as in a truss.2.The direction of gravity,at right angles to the horizon.
An angle in a vertical plane.
An upright muntin.
A blind,1,in a window,comprised of thin vertical slats that can be adjusted to darken a room or block a view.
Same as stack bond.
A graduated disk mounted on an instrument in such a manner that the plane of its graduated surface can be placed in a vertical plane.
A smooth parabolic curve in the vertical plane used to connect two grades of different slope to avoid an abrupt transition in passing from one to the other.
Same as plumb cut.
Same as shear wall.
Any path of travel such as a stair,ramp,escalator,or fire escape,serving as an exit from the floors above or below the street floor.
A type of paving brick which is cut with a wire in manufacture;laid with wirec cut side facing up.
In a furnace,burners (gas,oil,or pulverized-coal) which are arranged so that the fuel is discharged vertically either upward from burners below or downward from burners in the top.
See meeting stile.
An opening through a floor,roof,or other horizontal surface.
Any pipe or fitting which makes an angle of 45or less with the vertical.
A plane at right angles to the horizontal plane and within which angles and distances are observed.
A long,slender multistage pump designed primarily to pump water from deep wells.
Same as riser diagram.
Same as vertical sliding window.
A saw which operates in a vertical plane.
A drawing depicting a view that would be seen if a vertical plane were cut through the object observed.
A type of exterior wall cladding attached to the wall in a vertical orientation;most often consists of wide,upright boards that have a tongue along one vertical edge and a groove along the opposite edge;also see siding and tongue and groove joint.
A window having one or more sashes which move only in the vertical direction;they are held in various open positions by means of friction or a ratchet device instead of being supported by sash balances or counterweights.
A form which is jacked vertically and continuously during the placing of concrete.
A spring hinge for a door which is mortised into the heel of the door;the door is fastened to the floor and door head with pivots.
Tile which is hung vertically on the face of a wall;provides protection against moisture.
Elevators,escalators,and other mechanical devices in a building for transporting people or goods from one level to another.
A vertical conveying system which is capable of carrying trays or boxes.
A log cabin whose exterior logs are oriented vertically rather than horizontally;this construction requires more time and greater skill than if the logs are oriented horizontally,as is usual.For an example of construction in which vertical logs are driven in the ground,see poteaux en terre;also see poteauxsur sole,a somewhat similar construction where the vertical logs rest on a wood foundation.
Same as battened door.
Same as narrow light door.
A window having a sash (ventilator,2) which pivots (usually 360) about a vertical axis at or near its center;when opened,the outside glass surface is conveniently accessible for cleaning.
A rapid start fluorescent lamp designed to operate on higher current than a high output fluorescent lamp,providing a corresponding increase in light flux (lumens) per unit length of lamp.
A long and sometimes pointed oval form;a mandorla.
A park which is built on a small plot of land.