Architectural and Engineering Glossary
A window,often one of a pair,that has the shape of one quarter of a complete circle.
Descriptive of a stair which,in its progress from top to bottom,turns 90.
Same as quarterpace stair.
Same as quartersawn.
A partition formed with quarters.
1.A method of obtaining a representative sample by dividing a circular pile of a larger quantity into four equal parts and discarding opposite quarters,continuing the process until the desired size of sample is obtained.2. Studs in a building wall. 3.A small scantling.
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A subsidiary building that provided housing for servants in the 17th century;usually near or adjoining a principal structure in the mid Atlantic area of America.
A stair having a quarter turn.Compare with halfpace stair.
A stair landing,often square in plan,between two flights which make a right-angled (90) turn.
Descriptive of lumber sawn so that the growth rings intersect the wide face at an angle of 45or greater.Also see edgegrained.
The most abundant form of mineral silica;very hard,will scratch glass.
Glass consisting entirely of pure,or nearly pure,amorphous silica;has the highest heat resistance and ultraviolet transmittance of all glasses.
A lamp having a tungsten filament in a quartz envelope;quartz is used instead of glass to permit higher temperatures,higher currents,and therefore greater light output.
Obsolete term for a tungsten halogen lamp.
A variety of sandstone composed largely of granular quartz which is cemented by silica forming a homogeneous mass of very high tensile and crushing strengths;esp.used as a building stone,as gravel in road construction,and as an aggregate in concrete.
A type of sandstone in which most of the grains are quartz and the cementing material is silica;intermediate between normal sandstone and quartzite.
A four lobed pattern divided by cusps;also see foil.
A column whose cross section is a quatrefoil.
Renaissance architecture of the 15th cent.in Italy.
A window having an ornate upper sash and a plain lower sash.
An arch over the triple opening of the so called Venetian or Palladian window,flat over the narrow side lights, round over the larger central opening.
1.English architecture during the reign of Queen Anne, from 1702 to 1714; primarily country houses and many houses in the suburbs of London,often of red brick.Characterized by a dignified simplicity and moderateness in scale;avoidance of the appearance of massiveness;hipped roofs hidden behind parapets; sash windows.2.An eclectic style of domestic architecture primarily of the 1870s and 1880s in England and the United States;mis named after Queen Anne;actually based on country house and cottage Elizabethan architecture.A blending of Tudor Gothic,English Renaissance,Flemish,(and in the United States on Colonial elements),houses in this style usually are characterized by an asymmetrical façade with emphasis on verticality;often,a front facing gable; commonly,timber framed and irregular in plan and elevation;decorative trusses,bracketed posts,gingerbread in the form of spindlework,finials,and castiron cresting; textured shingles,masonry with variations in wall surface treatment and color;carved orna mentation, and patterned horizontal siding; contrasting wall materials used in combination with the various stories decorated differently;one or more conspicuous porches often set within the main structure of the house;typically,an irregularly shaped,steeply pitched roof, ornamented gables and ridges,overhanging eaves,bargeboards,second story projections,various shaped ornamental dormers,cresting, finials, pendants,and/or pinnacles; shingles laid in decorative patterns;tall ornamented chimneys;frequently,a tower;a paneled main entry door typically located off the central axis of the façade.Occasionally called Victorian Queen Anne styleto avoid confusion with the 18th- century Queen Anne style,1 from which it dif- fers markedly.
Same as queen rod.
A brick which has been cut in half along its length;it is of normal thickness but half normal width;used to complete a course or to space normal sized bricks.
Same as queen closer.
One of the two vertical supports in a queen post truss.
A metal rod which serves as a queen post.
See queen post truss.
A roof supported by two queen posts.
A roof truss having two vertical posts between the rafters and the tie beam;the upper ends of the vertical posts are connected by a straining piece, 1 (such as a tie rod or cable).
Said of a metal which was first heated and then cooled by contact with a liquid,gas,or solid,for the purpose of hardening or tempering.
A bond in brickwork having vertical voids in which reinforcement is placed (usually connecting to foundations,floors, and roof);the voids then are filled with mortar.
A soil condition in which water flows upward with sufficient velocity to reduce significantly the bearing capacity of the soil through a decrease in intergranular pressure.
1.A hand operated device that provides a means for connecting and disconnecting a gas appliance.2.A connector (to a gas supply) that is equipped with an automatic means for shutting off the supply when the device is disconnected.
See flash set,false set.
A soil deposit that is reasonably stable if undisturbed,but suddenly becomes loose when disturbed.
Descriptive of any carpentry or joinery work having a small radius of curvature.
Descriptive of a device having a high opening speed regardless of how it is operated.
In a theater,a dressing room on or near the stage,where actors may make quick changes of costume or makeup.
A valve or faucet whose automatic closure is fast acting.
lime A hydraulic lime.
A fast response sprinkler that is listed as providing fire suppression of specific hazards.
A fire sprinkler that is listed as providing the characteristics of both a quick response sprinkler and an extended coverage sprinkler.
A fire sprinkler that combines the characteristics of a fast response sprinkler and a spray sprinkler.
Fine sand,sometimes with an admixture of clay,which is saturated with water so that it has no bearing capacity at its surface;fine sand in a quick condition.
A blanket type thermal insulation having,on one or both principal faces,a flexible facing that is stitched or quilted.
See blister figure.
An arrangement of elements so that four are symmetrically placed around a central one.
Same as cross-in-square plan.