Architectural and Engineering Glossary
1.See wind load.2.See earth quake load.
The pressure,acting in the lateral direction,exerted by the retained soil against a structure.
That part of the steel reinforcement for a reinforced concrete column in the form of transverse hoops,links,or helixes around the vertical reinforcing steel rods.
The restraint that limits lateral movement of the compression flange of a beam.
A fitting which curves in a horizontal plane and is used to terminate a stair handrail.
A sewer which discharges into a branch or other sewer and has no other common sewer tributary to it.
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The bracing for a wall,beam,or structural member,either horizontal (by roof or floor constructions) or vertical (by pilasters,columns,or cross walls).
See lateral buckling.
Built of brick.
Brickwork of the ancient Romans.
In CPM terminology,the deadline by which time an event must be completed if the project is not to be delayed.
In CPM terminology,the latest point in time by which no further work must be done on an activity if the project is not to be delayed.
In CPM terminology,the latest possible point in time by which an activity must be started if the project is not to be delayed.
An emulsion of finely dispersed particles of natural or synthetic rubber or plastic materials in water.
made from latex.
An admixture used as an ingredient in a batch of mortar-mix to retard its setting.
A paint containing latex in a water suspension (i.e.,natural or synthetic rubber or plastic particles suspended in water) combined with pigments and other additives acting as binders.
A compound which consists of a latex (usually styrene butadiene rubber),portland cement,and an aggregate;moisture mildew and alkali resistant;used for patching or leveling a floor.
A compound of latex which cures primarily through water evaporation.
A building material used as a base for the application of plaster;see expanded metal lath,gypsum lath,metal lath,split lath,wood lath.
A longnarrow brick.
A hammer which has a small hatchet blade on the side opposite the hammer head;the blade has a small lateral nick for pulling out nails;esp.used for cutting and nailing wood lath.
In plastering,a method of finishing the ceilings and partitions of houses with two-coat work,in which the first coat is called laying,and is often scratched with a broom.
A tool,made from pieces of wood lath, for scratching and roughening base- coat plaster to improve the bond of the next coat.
A machine for shaping circular pieces of wood,metal,etc.,by rotating the material about a horizontal axis while a stationary tool cuts away the excess material.
A structure made of laths or slats to shelter growing plants requiring shade and wind protection.
1.A quantity of laths.2.The erecting or placing of laths.
See backup strip.
In Spanish Colonial architecture,one of a number of light,relatively straight saplings, usually about 3 feet (1 m) long,that has been stripped of its bark and laid across log beams (vigas) of a structure,either diagonally so as to create a herringbone ceiling pattern or laid at right angles to the vigas.A matting of reeds,placed over the latias,is then covered with a layer of tamped earth,dried mud,or adobe mixed with grass,to serve as a roof.
A latia that has been split along its length;usually laid across vigas with its flat side down.
A cross with the vertical bar substantially longer than the horizontal bar.
1.The perpendicular distance in a horizontal plane of a point from an east-west axis of reference.2.In surveying, the north-south component of a traverse course.
An ancient Roman term for a bath or place to wash,or a water closet in a private home.
1.A public toilet.2.A privy.
A stove or heater set under a mantel piece,heating the room by direct radiation and one or more rooms above by hot air.
An alloy of copper and zinc;yellow in color,resembling brass.
1.A network,often diagonal,of strips,rods,bars,laths,or straps of metal or wood,used as screening or for airy,ornamental constructions.2.A regular member triangularly braced,e.g.,a lattice girder,a lattice truss.
See lattice girder.
A boom of lattice-type construction,usually fabricated of steel angles or tubing.
An open girder in which the web consists of diagonal pieces arranged like latticework.
A wood molding,rectangular in section and broad in relation to its projection,resembling the wood strips used in latticework.
A porch enclosed by a lattice,usually of wood strips; provides limited privacy,yet permits breezes to flow through the porch.
A truss consisting of upper and lower horizontal chords,connected by web members which cross each other;usually stiff ened by joining at the intersections of the braces.
A window casement,fixed or hinged,with glazing bars set diagonally.
Reticulated or net-like work formed by the crossing of laths or narrow,thin strips of wood or iron,usually in a diagonal pattern.
See Philippine mahogany.
A shaft for conveying soiled clothing,bed linen,etc.,by gravity from an upper to a lower floor of a building.
A room equipped with one or more washing machines,washtubs,driers,ironing boards,etc.for household linen and/or personal effects.