Architectural and Engineering Glossary

U
Undé, Undée

See waved molding.

Under Plate

See armored front.

Under-eaves Course

A short course of roof tiles laid beneath the first course of tiles at the eaves of the roof.

Underbed

The base mortar, usually horizontal, on which a terrazzo topping is applied.

Underboarding

Boards that are nailed to the exterior side of the framing of a timber framed house to provide a surface on which to fasten an exterior covering such as shingles or siding.

Undercloak

1.In roofing, a course of plain tiles or slate used under the first course at the eaves. 2.Shingles installed with their thick end over hanging the edge of a gable to give a slope to the tiles laid along the edge. 3.In sheet metal roofing, that part of the lower sheet that makes up a seam, or the like.
 

Undercoat

1.A coat of paint applied on new wood,or over a primer,or over a previous coat of paint;improves the seal and serves as a base for the topcoat,for which it provides better adhesion.2.Any paint which acts as a base for enamel.3.Any primer which is colored.

Underconsolidated Soil Deposit

A deposit that is not fully consolidated under the existing overburden pressure.

Undercroft

1.A vaulted basement of a church  or secret passage,often wholly or partly below ground level.2.A crypt.

Undercured

Said of concrete,a sealant,adhesive,paint,etc.,which has not had sufficient time and/or suitable physical environment to harden properly.

Undercut

1.In stonework,to cut away a lower part,leaving a projection above that serves the function of a drip.2.To rout a groove or channel (a drip) back from the edge of an overhanging member.

Undercut Door

A door without louvers which is given additional clearance at the floor line to provide ventilation.

Undercut Tenon

A tenon in which a shoulder is cut at an angle to the face of the tenon in order to ensure a tight fit.

Underdrain

A drain,installed in porous fill,for drawing off surface water or water from the soil,as under the slab of a structure.

Underdrawing

Same as torching.

Underfelt

1.A dry sheet of asphaltic felt.See underlayment,2.2.A padding material comprised of hair felt,or some combination of felt and jute,laid directly on the floor,over which carpet is installed;a type of underlayment.

Underfill

A depression,on the face of a weld,which extends below the surface of the adjacent base metal.

Underfloor

Same as subfloor.

Underfloor Conduit System

A method of distributing communications wiring within the floor of a building.Metal pipes (for housing the wiring) radiate out to the area served from a serving closet (or cabinet).Such a system is suitable for installation in buildings in which the terminal equipment locations are likely to remain fixed.

Underfloor Heating

Heating provided beneath a finish floor,usually by hot water pipes or electric heating cables.See radiant heating system.

Underfloor Raceway

A raceway,for carrying electric conductors,which is suitable for use in a floor,as one buried within a structural concrete floor.

Undergird

To secure,support,or strengthen a structure by tying together a number of individual elements below the soffit of the structure above it. 

Underglaze Decoration

A ceramic decoration applied directly on the (bisque) surface of ceramic ware and subsequently covered with a transparent glaze.
 

Underground

Below grade or ground level,as underground drain lines or cables.

Underground Construction

See earth sheltered construction.

Underground Distribution System

An electrical supply system employing underground structures,cables,and other equipment located under designated areas along public ways or utility easements;does not include service cables in the customer’s duct.

Underground Piping

Piping in direct contact with,and covered by,earth.

Underground Service

Said of an element of building service,such as an electrical cable or a pipe,that is buried in the ground.

Underground Structure

Any duct,manhole,subway type pull box,underground type enclosure,or vault in which cables,transformers,and similar items of equipment are installed.

Underlay

1.Same as underlayment.2.Same as carpet underlayment.3.A layer,such as asphaltic felt,which isolates a roof covering from the substructure;underfelt.

Underlayment

1.A material such as plywood or hardboard placed on a subfloor to provide a smooth,even surface for applying the finish.2.The material, usually No.15 felt,used to cover a roof deck before shingles are applied;also called underfelt.3.See carpet underlayment.

Underlining Felt

Same as underlayment.

Underpinning

The rebuilding or deepening of the foundation of an existing building to provide additional or improved support,e.g.,additional support required as a result of a new excavation in adjoining property which is deeper than the existing foundation.
 

Underpitch Groin

A groin formed by an underpitch vault.
 

Underpitch Vault, Welsh Vault

A construction formed by the penetration of two vaults of unequal size,springing from the same level.

Undersanded Concrete

Concrete containing an insufficient proportion of fine aggregate to produce optimum properties in the fresh mixture,esp.with respect to workability and finishing characteristics.

Undersealing

Same as subsealing. 

Underslating Felt

Same as underlayment. 

Underslung Car Frame

An elevator car frame having the fastenings or sheaves for the hoisting ropes (cables) attached at or below the car platform.
 

Underthroating

The cove of an outside cornice when treated so as to serve as a drip.

Undertone

1.A color modified by an underly ing color,as in the effect of glazing over a thin film of paint.2.A secondary color of a pigment which appears when it is diluted with a large amount of white.

Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc.

A non profit nongovernment organization sponsored by the National Board of Fire Underwriters;classifies,tests,and inspects electric devices to assure their compliance with the National Electrical Code.

Underwriters’ Loop

See Hartford loop.

Undisturbed Sample

A sample of soil  that has been obtained by methods in which every precaution has been taken to minimize disturbance to the sample.
 

Undue Burden

A legal term used to indicate that in the particular case under consideration,it would be a significantly difficult and/or expensive burden to meet allaspects of the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Undulating Molding

See wave molding. 

Undulating Tracery

See flowing tracery. 

Undy Molding

See wave molding.

Uneven Grain

Wood grain in which the growth rings show an obvious difference between spring wood and summerwood;found in ring porous hardwoods (such as oak) and softwoods (such as yellow pine) that have soft,uniform springwood and hard,dense summerwood.

Unfinished Bolt

A bolt fabricated of low carbon steel.